Department of History
Western Michigan University
1903 W Michigan Ave
Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5334
Dr. Toledo is an expert on the 19th and 20th centuries history of american medicine. His recent writings have focused on the biographies of eminent american and world surgeons. His objective has been to understand their frame of mind when they made their contributions. He has produced multiple articles and four books on the lives and accomplishments of modern contemporary and Nobel prize-winnner surgeons. His university courses have varied from the teaching of american medicine in the 19th and 20th centuries, as well as the history of american medical ethics, the history of american science and technology and the origins of american scientific medicine.
In addition, he has taught the history of modern and contemporary Mexico, reaching for a comprehensive view on the political and sociological history of the country. Furthermore, his latest courses included the history of the borderlands as it pertains to Mexico and the United States. He is currently working on a book to be titled "Surgeons on their century," which is due to the publisher in June 2001.