WMU takes measures to prevent meningitis
April 2, 2008
KALAMAZOO--A 19-year-old Western Michigan University freshman died today at his home in Holland, Mich., following a brief illness.
An autopsy and follow-up laboratory tests were inconclusive in pinpointing the cause of death. Because the symptoms displayed by the student prior to his death are consistent with those of bacterial meningitis, the University is acting on the advice of county health department officials and taking steps to identify and ensure those who had close personal contact with the student are treated with a course of antibiotics intended to prevent infection.
Those considered part of the close circle of people who should receive such antibiotic treatment include roommates and other very close associates--estimated to be only a handful of people. They are now being contacted by staff members of Kalamazoo County Health and Community Services, who are working in consultation with Ottawa County health officials.
University officials began working late in the day April 2 to alert the campus community to the incident and provide information about prevention. Since the student lived in a campus residence hall, a meeting was held in that hall to alert other residents. This is believed to be the first time since 1991 the University has dealt with a possible meningitis case.
Bacterial meningitis is an acute bacterial disease that results in an infection of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord. Vaccinations are the best form of prevention and are recommended for those at highest risk for infection. The University routinely recommends such vaccinations for its students. WMU's Sindecuse Health Center will be offering a series of vaccination clinics in the coming weeks and will be encouraging students who have not already been vaccinated to do so.
Early symptoms of the disease include sudden fever, intense headache, nausea, vomiting, stiff neck and possible rash. The incubation period is four to 10 days after close contact with an infected person. Close contact includes such activities as sharing food and drinks and kissing. Nationally, about 3,000 cases of bacterial meningitis are recorded each year, with about 10 percent of those cases proving fatal.
Sindecuse Health Center personnel are available to answer questions about this incident and ways of preventing infection and can be reached at (269) 387-3290. Kalamazoo County Health and Human Services can be reached at (269) 373-5267.
Detailed information on meningitis and vaccines to prevent it can be found online at www.kalcounty.com/hcs/meningococcal.html
Media contact: Cheryl Roland, (269) 387-8400, firstname.lastname@example.org