SPECIAL FEATURE: CENSORSHIP IN NASW JOURNALS?
The Perils of Self-Censorship
Robert D. Leighninger, Jr.
International Social Work, Globalization
and the Chalenge of a Unipolar World
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR REGARDING
NASW PRESS CENSORSHIP
Marcia B. Cohen
Co-editor, Journal of Progressive Human Services
Editor, Journal of Policy Practice
Former Editor of Social Work Research
Former Co-editor of Journal of Social Work
Research and Evaluation
Stanley L. Witkin
Former Editor-in-Chief, Social Work
Elizabeth J. Clark
Executive Director, National Association of
Social Workers (NASW)
Nineteenth Century Review of Mental Health Care for African
Americans: A Legacy of Service and Policy Barriers
Tony B. Lowe
The need to focus on service and policy barriers to mental health
service delivery for African Americans remains critical. The purpose
of this article is to review nineteenth century care as a method
for understanding contemporary service and policy barriers. A
case study strategy is used to compare the efforts of Pennsylvania
and South Carolina using primary and secondary sources to
document these developments through a political economy perspective.
These findings suggest that the prevailing social, political
and economic realities have created mental health disparities along
racial lines. Existing barriers are likely rooted in this same reality.
“Seen and Not Heard” Sociological Approaches to Childhood:
Black Children, Agency and Implications for Child Welfare
Mekada Graham and Emily Bruce
In this article, the authors consider the socio-historical conceptions
of childhood in relation to Black children and their unique relationship
with child welfare institutions. Against this background we
apply models of childhood to issues of race and social agency and
argue that these elements have been inadequately addressed in developmental
models of childhood. Following these concerns, we present
a social model of childhood and consider how these distinct and
different ways of understanding children might be applied to child
welfare practice. This child centered approach presents a unique
opportunity to incorporate the differential positioning of Black children
in the wider society by engaging with their everyday lives as a
framework for child welfare practice. This framework allows for a
greater participation of children and specifically, Black children in
decision making processes. In the final section we suggest possible
outcomes of integrating this approach into child welfare practice.
Ethiopian Language Policy and
Health Promotion in Oromia
Begna Fufa Dugassa
In the time of HIV/AIDS, epidemics for which we have no vaccination
or cure, public health is bound entirely to depend on the traditional
health education strategies to stop or contain this disease.
This reality demands that we travel extra miles and thoroughly
employ every health promotion tool at our disposal. The Ottawa
Charter for health promotion stressed the need for public policy
to create supportive social conditions for health. This necessitates
a commitment to enduring social conditions for health and raises
topics that have been neglected by the traditional public health
scholars. A close examination of the colonial language policy of
Ethiopia reveals that language is not value free and is intermingled
with power and has significant public health impacts. In this paper, I
critically examine Ethiopian language policy within the framework
of health promotion and demonstrate the ways in which such policy
creates a barrier for the Oromo people in making life choices. Additionally
it hinders them from ensuring the conditions in which they
can be healthy. This paper addresses a gap in the research literature
on the impacts of colonial language policies on health promotion.
Health Care Poverty
This paper introduces and describes health care poverty. Underinsurance
and its consequences for access to health care are
highlighted. Definitions of underinsurance and its prevalence
are presented. Groups that experience disproportionate barriers
to obtaining medical care are identified. Manifestations of
underinsurance are explicated and their relationship to receipt
of medical care, such as vaccinations and medications is discussed.
A reframing of the health care debate is suggested with
emphasis moving from uninsurance to access to health care.
Foster Parents' Reasons for Fostering and Foster Home Utilization
Kathryn Rhodes, Mary Ellen Cox, John G. Orme, and
Better utilization of foster families might be linked to parents’
reasons for fostering. This study used data from the National
Survey of Current and Former Foster Parents to examine relationships
between reasons for fostering and types of services and
length of service foster parents provide. Top reasons for fostering
were child-centered. The least endorsed reasons were self-oriented.
Those who fostered to help children with special problems
were more likely to have a child placed, had more children, and
had fostered more types of special needs children. Parents who
fostered because their children were grown were more likely to
have a child placed, had more children, and were more likely to
intend to continue fostering. Conversely, parents who wanted to
be loved or who wanted companionship fostered fewer children.
Implications for improving foster family utilization are discussed.
Economic Mobility of Single Mothers:
The Role of Assets and Human
This study examines the economic mobility of single mothers. It
highlights the Relationships between single mothers’ financial
assets and human capital Development (educational advancement,
job training, and work hours) with their economic mobility.
Analysis of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of
Youth (NLSY79) indicates that assets may help improve upward
economic mobility. Assets, however, have differential impact on
single mothers with different income levels. In addition, human
capital development mediates the positive link between assets and
the economic mobility for mothers living between the 100% and
200% federal poverty. These results support asset building as
an investment strategy to enhance the long-term economic wellbeing
of single mothers. The findings also underscore the importance
of examining within-group variations among single mothers
in designing effective asset-building policies and programs.
Fairness Issues in Law and Mental Health:
Directions for Future Social Work Research
José B. Ashford and Jane Holschuh
Concepts from the procedural justice literature in social psychology
are examined that offer useful guidance for social work researchers
with interests in investigating informal adjudications, speciality
treatment courts, and other areas of the administrative process
previously neglected in mental health services research. These
theoretical concepts are offered as an alternative to the therapeutic
jurisprudence framework being adopted by some social workers in
the field of law and mental health. The issues outlined in this
paper also draw on the health services and psychotherapy literature
to highlight issues involving process and procedure as social
justice and their significance for advancing a new role for social
work researchers in the field of law and mental health research.
The Use of Critical Ethnography in
Managed Mental Health Care Settings
Cassandra L. Bransford
How social workers in managed mental health care settings exercise
their professional authority may have profound consequences
for the provision of ethical and value-based services to
vulnerable populations. Building upon Gidden’s theory of structuration,
this article describes the use of critical ethnography as
a specific research methodology that may support social workers
in the exercise of their authority. This article examines the
historical roots of critical ethnography and provides a detailed
examination of its underlying assumptions and research procedures.
The article concludes with a case example of a critical ethnography
conducted within a managed mental health care setting.
Social Work Diagnosis in Contemporary Practice.
Francis J. Turner (Ed.).
Reviewed by William A. Maesen.
Beyond Segregation: Multiracial and MultiethnicNeighborhoods in the United States.
Michael T. Maly.
Reviewed by Christopher R. Larrison.
Freud’s Free Clinics: Psychoanalysis and Social Justice,
Elizabeth Ann Danto.
Reviewed by Leslie Leighninger.
What’s Wrong with Children’s Rights.
Reviewed by Dorinda N. Noble.
The Rise and Fall of HMOs: An American Health Care
Jan Gregoire Coombs.
Reviewed by Lisa S. Patchner.
Disease and Democracy: The Industrialized World Faces AIDS.
Reviewed by Ronald J. Mancoske.
Multiracial America: A Resource Guide on the History and
Literature of Interracial Issues.
Karen Downing, Darlene Nichols, and Kelly Webster.
Paths to a Green World: The Political Economy of the Global
Jennifer Clapp and Peter Dauvergne.
The Origins of Social Work.
Rural Social Work Practice.
Nancy Lohman and Roger A. Lohman.
Advocacy Practice for Social Justice.
Introduction to Social Welfare and Social Work: The U.S. in
Katherine Van Wormer