Aural Comprehension Guide

David Loberg Code          Western Michigan University

Mapping Strategy

Here is the original version of the melody, followed by two examples which demonstrate a method of analysing a tonal melody for the purpose of sightsinging (pitches only). In the first part, I have used durational values to represent the function of different notes: whole note = tonic, half notes = tonic triad (mi & so), quarter notes = other diatonic pitches, note heads = chromatic pitches. Although this notation does not help you perform the rhythms, it does help you identify solfege syllables without writing them in and also helps you recognize patterns. The Mapping Strategy highlights some of these patterns. The solid lines are either large-scale arpeggiations of triads or step-wise scalar patterns. The dotted lines connect repeated notes that you can use as temporary reference pitches.


Original Melody

Functional Pitches


David Loberg Code, School of Music, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI, 49008. E-mail: 
Revised: 28.Feb.99       (c) 1999