Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering - Leading Process and Product Improvement

Sam Ramrattan, Ph.D.
FEF Key Professor

Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Western Michigan University
F-218 Parkview Campus
Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008-5336
Phone: (269) 276-3373
Email: sam.ramrattan@wmich.edu







 

Research

  • Alternative Molding Media for Sand Usage in the Foundry Industry
  • Sublimated Pattern Castings
  • Remote Identification of Metal Castings
  • Thermal Distortion Testing of Chemically Bonded Sands Used in Metal Casting
  • Full Scale Functional Prototypes from Various Casting Alloys
  • Alternate Refractory Coating Measurement Systems to Enhance Coating Control and Thin Wall Iron Castings
  • Optimization of Aeration Green Sand Filling Systems

Publications and Papers:

Jane, J., and S. N. Ramrattan. Patent: 540:583 Biodegradable Starch Plastics Incorporating Modified Polyethylene Filed: June 19, 1990.

Jane, J., and S. N. Ramrattan. 1990. Use of Modified Starches in Degradable Plastics. Proceeding of the Corn Utilization Conference III.

Rabiej, R., S. Ramrattan, & W. Droll, "Raised Panel Veneering Defects" accepted for refereed publication by Forest Products Journal, Madison, WI. Nov. 1992.

Rabiej, R., S. Ramrattan, & W. Droll, "Glueline Shear Strength of Laser Cut Wood", refereed publication by Forest Products Journal, Madison, WI, 43(2):45-54, 1993.

Rabiej, R., S. Ramrattan, & W. Droll, "Factors Affecting Load Bearing Capacity of MOD-EEZ Connectors", refereed publication by Forest Products Journal, Madison, WI, 43(92):1-10, 1993.

Ramrattan, S. and Engelmann, P. V. Polycarbonate/Glass Reinforcement Rod for Concrete. Technical Papers, Vol. 39, pp. 852-854, Brookfield, CT: Society of Plastics Engineers. (Refereed). May 1993.

Ramrattan, S. & R. Rabiej, "Kerf Color Intensity of Laser Cut Wood", accepted for refereed publication by Forest Products Journal, Madison, WI. Oct. 1994.

Rabiej, R., S. Ramrattan, & W. Droll, "Gluability of Wood at Laser Cut Kerf", Published in Proceedings of The Second International Conference on Automated Lumber Processing Systems and Laser Machining of Wood. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, June 1993.

Nallakatla, M., S. Ramrattan, "Computer Animation as a Teaching Tool in Engineering", Published in Proceedings of American Society of Engineering Education. Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, MI, March, 1993.

Ramrattan, S. N., and M. V. Nallakatla, "Castability and Machinability of a Metal Matrix Composites", Published in Proceedings of First International Conference on Composites Engineering: Design of Composites, International Community for Composites Engineering (ICCE), University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, August 1994.

Ramrattan, S. N., M. V. Nallakatla, and F. Z. Sitkins, "Processing Parameters for Casting and Machining a Metal Matrix Composites", Composites: Design and Manufacture for Cost Effectiveness, MD-V0l.48. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, New York, NY, Nov. 1994.

Guichelaar, P. J., S. N. Ramrattan, and R. E. Tieder, "Alternative Granular Media for the Metal Casting Industry," Final Report September 30, 1994, Work Performed Under Contract No. FC07-93ID13231, For Metal Casting Competitiveness Research Program, Department of Energy, Idaho Field Office, Idaho Falls, Idaho. DOE/ID/13231--1 (DE950117626).

Ramrattan, S., and S. Ahmed, 1995, "A Comparison of Handling Properties Using Carbon-Dioxide Activated Binder Systems," V 103, No. 95-38, pp. 81-85, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., and S. Mansuri, 1995, "A Comparison of Handling Properties Using Carbon-Dioxide Activated Binder Systems for Specialty Sands," No. 95-099, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Brown, C., Ramrattan S., and Vander Kooi, M. The Effects of Vented and Non-Vented Plastication Systems on Color and Specific Gravity. Technical Papers, Vol. 99, Brookfield, CT: Society of Plastics Engineers. (Refereed). May 1995.

Ramrattan, S. N., P. J. Guichelaar, A. Palukunnu, and R. E. Tieder, 1996, "A Study of Foundry Granular Media and its Attrition," No. 96-113, pp. 877-886, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Singh, S., S. Ramrattan, L. Bringelson, and S. Ahire, 1996, "Simulation of a Foundry Sand System," V 104, No. 96-114, pp. 821-824, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S. N., F. Z. Sitkins, and M. V. Nallakatla, "Optimization of the Casting and Machining Processes for a Metal Matrix Composites", No. EAM-10, 1996 Canadian Society of Mechanical Engineering (CSME) Forum, 13th Symposium on Engineering Applications of Mechanics, Manufacturing Science and Engineering.

Vander Kooi, M., Engelmann, P., Ramrattan, S., and Monfore, M. Mold and Part Surface Temperature Mapping. Technical Papers, Vol. 42, Brookfield, CT: Society of Plastics Engineers. (Refereed). May 1996.

Ramrattan, S. N., 1997, "Quality of Cut in Laser Cutting a Green Ceramic,” Technical Paper Published: ITTHO Academic Journal, University of Technology Malaysia.

Ramrattan, S. N., and J. G. Lee, 1997, "Processing of a Composite Reinforcement Rod," Published in Proceedings of Seminar on Concrete Technology. Institute of Technology Tun Hussein Onn/University of Technology Malaysia.

Fredericks, T. K., S. Ramrattan, and L. S. Bringelson, 1997, "Ergonomic Issues in the Grey and Ductile Iron Foundry Industry," No. 97-142, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., S. Vellanki, O. Jideaku, and C. Huang, 1998, "Thermal Distortion in Process Control of Chemically Bonded Sands," V 105, No. 97-152, pp. 161-165, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Aultimus, J., V. Johnson, M. Luegge, and S. Ramrattan, 1998, "Remote Identification of Metal Castings," V 106, No. 98-044, pp. 605-608, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Rodriguez, J., M. Keil, S. Ramrattan, and M.B. Krysiak, 1998, "Industry and Academia Collaboration for a Thermal Distortion Tester for Sand-Binder Systems," Session 1348.

Keil, M., J. Rodriguez, and S. Ramrattan, 1999, "Thermal Distortion of Shell and No-Bake Binder Systems," No. 99-099, pp. 71-74, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., 1999, "Process Control for Thermal Distortion in Chemically-Bonded Sands," Simulation, Designing and Control of Foundry Processes; ISBN: 83-911283-1-8, pp. 187-192, refereed publication Foundry Research Institute, Krakow, Poland.

Ramrattan, S., S. Butt, M. Keil, and J. Rodriguez, 2000, "Effect of a Solvent-Based Coating on Distortion and Degradation of a Sand/Binder System," No. 00-097, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., 2001, "Testing for Thermal Distortion in Chemically-Bonded Foundry Sands," No. 2001-01-1038, refereed publication, Society of Automotive Engineers.

Iyer, R., S. Ramrattan, J. Lannutti, and W. Li, 2001, "Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Chemically Bonded Sands," No. 01-087, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., J. Rodriguez, M. Keil, and A. Choudhury, 2001, "Thermal Distortion Tester for Improved Quality of Chemically-Bonded Cast Components," ISBN 0-9654599-69, Proceedings of the 6th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice.

Choudhury, A., J. Rodriguez, M. Keil, and S. Ramrattan, 2001, "A Tool for Rapid Reconfiguration of Industrial Robot Models," ISBN 0-9654599-69, Proceedings of the 6th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice.

Ramrattan, S, and F. Vondra, 2002, "New Test for Thermal Distortion in Foundry Sands," ISBN 1-86058-369-5, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Quality, Reliability, and Maintenance – QRM 2002.

Krysiak, M. B., T. J. Keener, S. N. Ramrattan, and S. F. Cheah, 2002, “Thermal Distortion of Green Sand and Chemically Bonded Sands at Cast Iron Fill Temperatures,” No. 02-037, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., and A. Choudhury, 2002, “Distortion in Chemically-Bonded Foundry Sands at Aluminum Fill Temperatures,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Aluminum Casting Technology Symposium, refereed publication ASM International.

Ramrattan, S., J. Rodriguez, M. Keil, and A. Choudhury, 2003, “Part Tracking Utilizing a RFID Tag Embedded at Elevated Temperature,” Proceedings of the 7th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice, Soul, Korea.

Choudhury, A., J. Rodriguez, M. Keil, and S. Ramrattan, 2003, “Efficient Reconfiguration of Industrial Robots for Casting Operations,” Proceedings of the 7th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice, Soul, Korea.

Ramrattan, S. N., S. F. Cheah, and S. Zandarski, 2003, “Effects of Aluminum Fill Temperatures on the Distortion of Chemically Bonded Sand Systems,” No. 03-154, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Choudhury, A., S. Ramrattan, and S. Butt, 2003, “Remote Data Collection and Transfer as a Teaching Tool for Process Monitoring and Control,” Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Copyright © 2003, American Society for Engineering Education.

Rodriguez, J., and S. Ramrattan, 2003, "New Apparatus for Testing Distortion in Foundry Sands, "Proceedings of the 15th Congress and Exposition – FUNDI 2003.

Choudhury, A., S. Ramrattan, S. Butt, B. Bidassie, and V. Koppolu, “Online Analysis and Process Improvement,” Proceedings of the 8th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice, Las Vegas, Nevada, November 10-12, 2003.

Ramrattan, S., J. Rodriguez, M. Keil, and A. Choudhury, “Dimensional Variation Due to Thermal Distortion of Chemical Sand Binder Systems at Aluminum Fill Temperatures,” Proceedings of the 8th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice, Las Vegas, Nevada, November 10-12, 2003.

Keil, M., S. Ramrattan, and J. Rodriguez, and A. Choudhury, 2003, “Design of a Machine for Investigating Thermal Distortion In Chemically Bonded Sands,” Proceedings of the 8th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice. , Las Vegas, Nevada, November 10-12, 2003.

AFS 4-F Mold-Metal Interface Reactions Committee; “Baumè: Complete Coating Control? Phase I: Variability of Coating Control Tests”, AFS Transactions, 04-136, (2003).

AFS 4-F Mold-Metal Interface Reactions Committee; “Baumè: Complete Coating Control? Phase II: Variability of Baumè as a Coating Control Tool”, AFS Transactions, (2004).

Ramrattan, S. N., S. F. Cheah, O. B. Guyer, and K. M. Fisher, 2004, “Comparing Refractory Coatings on Shell Sand Utilizing Elevated Temperature and Collapsibility Testing,” No. 04-122, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S. N., S. F. Cheah, S. Vedamurthy, and K. J. Kerns, 2004, “Effects of Iron Fill Temperatures on the Distortion and Integrity of Shell Silica Sand Systems,” No. 04-123, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Choudhury, A., S. Ramrattan, V. Koppolu, and B. Bidassie, “Process Monitoring and Control in a Wireless Environment.” ASEE-NCS-CEAS Western Michigan University, April 9, 2004.

Rodriguez, J., Ramrattan, S. Choudhury, A., and Keil, M.; Testing for Thermal Distortion of Chemically Bonded Sands for Better Dimensional Control, Proceedings of the 9th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering Theory, Applications and Practice, The University of Auckland, New Zealand, November 27-30, 2004.

Guyer, O. B., R. C. Emptage, and S. N. Ramrattan, 2005, “The Effect of Refractory Coating Thermal Heat Transfer on Phenolic Urethane Cold Box Core Distortion at Iron Temperature and Pressure,” No. 05-192, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Choudhury, A., Ramrattan, S., Ikonomov, P. and Koppolu, V; A web based approach for real time process control, International Journal of Agile Manufacturing, accepted for refereed publication, 2005.

Choudhury, A., I Rodriguez, J., Keil M., Ramrattan, S. and Ikonomov, P., Online Experimentation for Study of Stress and Deformation in Structural Beams, American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference Proceedings, Portland, OR, June 2005.

Ikonomov, P., Choudhury, A., Ramrattan, S., Keil M. and Rodriguez, J., Using Virtual Reality Simulation Through Product Lifecycle, American Society for Engineering Education NCS Spring Conference, Ada, OH, April 2005.

Ramrattan, S., J. Rodriguez, and A. Choudhury, “Measurement of Thermal Distortion on an Investment Shell Material” Investment Casting Institute 53rd Technical Conference & Expo, Hyatt Regency Dearborn/Fairlane Town Center, Dearborn, MI, November 6-9, 2005.

Ramrattan, S., J. Rodriguez, M. Keil, and A. Choudhury, 2005, "Full Scale Functional Prototyping," ISBN 0-, Proceedings of the 10th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering – Theory, Applications, and Practice.

Ramrattan, S. N., “Thermal Distortion Testing of Sand Systems Used for Metal Casting,” 2nd IMS International Conference, The American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, 2006.

Ramrattan, S. N., and P. G. Ikonomov, 2006, “Five Minute LOI Test,” No. 06-124, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

American Foundry Society, Mold & Metal Interface Committee 4-F; 2006, “Phase I: A Study of Gray Iron Casting Quality When Using Baume’ as the Coating Control Test,” No. 05-131, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., and Rodriguez, J.; “Effects of Refractory Coatings on the Performance of a Chemically Bonded Sand System”, Proceedings of the 11th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering Theory, Applications and Practice, Nagoya, Japan, October 24-27, 2006.

Ikonomov, P., Ramrattan, S. and Choudhury, A., “Casting Large Scale Functional Prototyping from Various Alloys”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Systems (IJAM), refereed publication Volume 10, Issue 1, 2006.

Ramrattan, S., and A. Abdelwahab “Effects of Refractory Coatings on the Performance of a Chemically Bonded Sand System at Elevated Temperatures,” Material Science Conference, ASM, Detroit, MI. 10:00 am September, 2007.

Rebros, M., S. Ramrattan, M. Joyce, and P. Ikonomov, 2007, “Behavior of 3D Printed Sand at Elevated Temperature” No. 07-136, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S. N., and P. G. Ikonomov, “A Faster Method to Measure of Organics in Foundry Sand,” Proceedings of the 12th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering Theory, Applications and Practice, Cancun, Mexico, November 4-7, 2007.

Joyce, M., M. Rebros, and S. Ramrattan, 2008, "Comparing Alternate Foundry Refractory Coating Measurement Systems" No. 08-126, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., M. Rebros, and M. Joyce, 2008, "Effects of Cast Iron Interfacial Temperatures on a Graphitic Refractory Coating at Various Percent Solids" No. 08-127, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., A. Paudel, H. Makino, and M. Hirata, 2008, "Desirable Green Sand Properties via Aeration Sand Filling" No. 08-128, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Joyce, M., M. Rebros, and S. Ramrattan, Fall 2008, "Adapting More Progressive Refractory Coating Measurement Controls" Vol. 2, Issue 4, Pages 29-39, refereed publication International Journal of Metalcasting, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., and P. Ikonomov, 2008, "A Quick Test for Measuring Organics in Foundry Sand," Proceedings of the International Conference on Agile Manufacturing ICAM’08.

Paudel, A., and S. Ramrattan, 2008, "Improvements in Molding Technology using Aerated Green Sand Filling," Proceedings of the International Conference on Agile Manufacturing ICAM’08.

Ikonomov, P., and S. Ramrattan, 2008, "Full Scale Functional Cast Prototypes," Proceedings of the International Conference on Agile Manufacturing ICAM’08.

Ramrattan, S., and P. Ikonomov, 2008, "The Effects of Elevated Temperature on 3D Printed Sand," Proceedings of the International Conference on Agile Manufacturing ICAM’08.

Abdelwahab, A. M., Md. A. Aowal, M. K. Joyce, and S. N. Ramrattan, 2009, " Measurement and Control of a Ceramic-Graphite Refractory Coating from Wet Preparation to Elevated Temperature Exposures" No. 09-113, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Paudel, A. M., S.N. Ramrattan, P. Ari-Gur, H. Makino, and M. Hirata, 2009, " Low Friability: A Rationale for Aeration Sand Filling Technology" No. 09-114, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Butt, S.E., T. K. Fredericks, S. Amin-Kumar, and S. Ramrattan, 2009, "Safety and Ergonomics Revisited: How has the Industry Changed in 10 Years?" No. 09-115, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Horvath, L., K. Pickrell, and S. Ramrattan, 2009, " The Evaluation of a Liquid Conditioning Agent on Green Sand Properties" No. 09-116, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S. N., J. Rodriguez and A. Choudhury, 2010, "Evaluation of a Modified Cone Jolt Test on Green Sand Properties" No. 10-046, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S. N., and M. K. Joyce, 2010, "Effects of Coating Thickness on Thermal Distortion " No. 10-047, refereed publication Transactions, American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S. N., and M. K. Joyce, Winter 2010, "Adapting Wet to Dry - Refractory Coating Control for Precision PUCB Sands", refereed publication International Journal of Metal Casting (IJMC), published by American Foundry Society.

Ramrattan, S., A. Paudel, K. Nagarajan, R. Bharadwaj, H. Makino, and M. Hirata.; “Test Casting Evaluation of Aeration Green Sand Molds”, Proceedings of The 69th World Foundry Congress, Hangzhou, China, October 16-20, 2010.

Other patents and publications pending.


Honors and Activities:

  • Member, Graduate Committee, Master's in Manufacturing Engineering 1992-94
  • Member, Graduate Committee, Ph.D. in Manufacturing Systems Technology 2002-03
  • Dr. G. Harold Silvius Doctoral Fellowship Award, Iowa State University, 1989
  • Graduated Summa Cum Laude, University of Wisconsin-Stout Chancellor's Award (All Semesters)
  • Outstanding College Student of America 1989
  • Iowa Quality Coalition 1989-1991
  • Epsilon Pi Tau International, faculty advisor to Honorary Professional Fraternity
  • Tau Alpha Pi, faculty advisor to Engineering Technology Honorary Professional Fraternity
  • Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME), Senior Member
  • American Society for Engineering Education (ASEE), Associate Member
  • Society of Plastics Engineers (SPE), Associate Member
  • Director, Central Michigan American Foundry Society
  • American Foundry Society (AFS), Technical Advisor
  • 4F Mod Metal Interface Research Committee, Molding Methods & Materials AFS, Member
  • 4E New Concepts Research Committee, Molding Methods & Materials AFS, Member
  • Foundry Education Foundation (FEF), Key Professor
  • Department merit pay award, 1992-93, 1993-94, 1994-95, 1995-96, 1996-97.
  • Administrative merit pay award by Department Chair, 1992-93, 1995-96.
  • Outstanding Service to Minority Recruiting Award, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, WMU, 1994, 2002.
  • Dean's Award for Teaching, College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, WMU, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, & 2010..
  • United Way representative for Department in University Campaign. 1993-2008.
  • Governmental Affairs Forum, Foundry Association of Michigan, Research Award 1996.
  • Ray H. Witt Management Award, Best Paper American Foundry Society. 2000.
  • AFS/FEF Board Award, For the Furtherance of the Goals and Ideals. 2004.
  • Outstanding Teaching Award College of Engineering WMU, 2007
  • AFS Scientific Merit Award, 2009
 

Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Western Michigan University
Kalamazoo MI 49008-5336 USA
(269) 276-3350 | (269) 276-3353 Fax



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