1825-1830 Kalamazoo County Vegetation Map

Vegetation Map

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In 1981 a group of researchers from the Department of Geography—Thomas W. Hodler, Richard Brewer, Lawrence G. Brewer and Henry A. Raup—compiled a map illustrating the predominant types of vegetation covering Kalamazoo County in the years 1825 to 1830, a period just prior to settlement of the area. The work was funded by the Lucia Harrison Endowment Fund.

Survey Information for 1825-1830 Kalamazoo County Vegetation Map

Legend of Vegetation Map

The Presettlement Vegetation Map is based principally on the U.S. Public Land Surveys conducted in Kalamazoo County from 1826 through 1830. Surveyed townships included Alamo, Brady, Charleston, Climax, Comstock, Cooper, Kalamazoo, Oshtemo, Pavilion, Portage, Prairie Ronde, Richland, Ross, Schoolcraft, Texas and Wakeshma.

In 1981, Western Michigan University's "outlying" properties on the western edge of Kalamazoo County were known collectively as "the University Farm". This included the Lee Baker Farm, (deeded over by the state legislature in 1959), the Colony Farm and the Asylum Lake property (conveyed by the state Department of Mental Health in 1977 and 1975, respectively).

In 2000, the Lee Baker Farm was renamed the Parkview Campus, the new home to the College of Engineering and the WMU Business, Technology and Research Park.

Detail of vegetation map

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The Presettlement Vegetation Map identifies fifteen distinct vegetation types. These are prairie, bur oak opening, oak savanna, oak forest, beech-sugar maple forest, southern floodplain forest, southern swamp forest, tamarack swamp, pine swamp, black ash swamp, northern mixed swamp forest, wet prairie, marsh, shrub-carr and undifferentiated wetland.

It is interesting to note that, since 1830, Asylum Lake and other similar small lakes have at various times been categorized as swamp or marshlands, examples of the changes nature makes over time.

In 1981, the WMU campus was principally comprised of the areas known as East Campus and West Campus. Other university properties included the University Farm and the Kleinstuck Preserve, given to the University in 1922.